EXSS 37500: Research Methods in Exercise Science

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Defining Your Research Question: PICO

Determine and define the clinical problem
·       Frame this in a question format as it will help you determine the key concepts: population, intervention and outcome.
Generate a list of keywords using PICO
·       Patient or Population (what is the disorder or disease)
·       Intervention
·       Comparison (if any)
·       Outcome (what you are hoping to assess)

Clinical Problem
What is the best therapy or intervention for injuries related to overuse in soccer players?

Clinical Problem
Does exercise therapy improve bone density in aged women with osteoporosis

Search Strategies

1. soccer or football
2. injur* or overuse or "over use"
3. therap* or intervention*

1. osteoporosis or bone density or bone loss
2. exercise or resistance training or strength training or weight bearing or weight lifting

Don't Forget to Apply Filters:


Google Scholar

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Laura Kuo

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Required Reading

Thomas, J. R., Nelson, J. K., Silverman, S. J. (2011). Research Methods in Physical Activity. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics.

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