THEA 25100: Theatre Organization & Management

IC Library Print & Media Resources

Books Beyond the IC Library

     WorldCat via FirstSearch is a "union catalog" that allows you to search the holdings of over 10,000 libraries from across the country and around the world: over 41 million items. Check WorldCat to discover what the entire universe of possible resources looks like for your topic. 
     Note that upon opening any record there will be an "ILL Order" link that gives you direct entry into IC's interlibrary loan form  (when you sign in--IC e-mail user name/password--the form will already be populated with both item identification data and your personal contact info).

User Advisory:
  • At the search interface begin by scrolling down and changing the default "Rank by" setting to "Date"--this will display your retrievals in reverse chronological order with the newest first.
  • This is such a large database that you should set a "Limit Type" to "Books" or "Visual Materials" or whatever you are specifically interested in finding.
  • When using a Subject search--advisable in such a large database--choose the looser "Subject" search rather than "Subject Phrase"--which requires an often frustrating exactitude.

IC Library Databases (Articles)

Full Text Theatre Journals

     ArticleLinker, a software we use to link article citations in one database to full text in another, provides a list of the more than 130 "Drama" journals available with at least some full text from the IC databases, each title with a date range for when full text is accessible.  In this way you can target particular journals (and remember that in virtually all our databases you can limit your search to a single publication title).  
    On this list, for example, you will find the Journal of Arts Management, Law, and Society, which is available full text in both the International Bibliography of Theatre and Dance and Academic Search Premier databases from 1992 to 18 months prior to the present date. (Some journals put a sliding embargo on their most recent content, usually 6 months, 12 months, or in this case 18 months.)

Databases in Theatre

Performing Arts Periodicals Database
This is our dedicated database for Theatre and Dance. If you open up the drop-down menu for either of the top two search slots, you can switch the default "anywhere except full text" to more targeted search fields. In particular, note that you can search for a specific "person" or performing arts "company" or, best of all, a "creative work." This allows you to run a Subject search on the title of any play or dance piece.  Whereas a keyword search on the title of a creative work will retrieve any mention of that title--no matter how fleeting--a Subject search on the title will only return articles that are substantially about that work.
     Also note the Subject search slots under "More Search Options." The "look up" links to broad and narrow subjects to the right of these are especially useful in finding the appropriate Subject Heading for your topic. The  "look up broad subjects" can be very temperamental, but "look up narrow subjects" works well. Just type in Theater or Dance or Design for extensive lists of the available Subject searches in those areas--or try more specific terms relevant to your topic.
     Finally, notice that under "Document Type" you can target artcles, interviews, or a wide variety of reviews: performance, theatre, film, television, or recording. Under "Document Feature" you can likewise target articles with illustrations or photographs.

Theatre in Video :
     Streaming video of stage productions and movie adaptations. "Productions" represent all eras, from The Agamemnon and Oedipus Rex to Twelfth Night and The Alchemist to She Stoops to Conquer and Tartuffe to Krapp's Last Tape and To be Young, Gifted and Black.  Browse the "Documentaries," which include videos on various theatre companies and interviews with producers such as Joseph Papp and Peter Brook.

     Note: Theater in Video requires Flash Player v.8 or higher and a minimum of 400kbps of bandwidth. Also note: a limit of 5 simultaneous users.

Comprehensive Databases

General OneFile :
  • Note the default Subject search. Whatever Subject Heading you search, you will be offered links to "Subdivisions" and "Related Subjects." Take a look at the dozens of "Related Subjects" offered for an initial search on "Theater" or "Dance."
  • Once you've discovered the Subject that best matches your interest, look at the "Subdivisions" for it. The standard "subdivisions" for General OneFile Include "Economic Aspects," "Employment," "Forecasts and Trends," "History," "International Aspects," "Management," "Political Aspects," "Social Aspects," and "Statistics." If the retrievals for these categories are still too broad, use the the "Search within these Results" slot at the upper left to enter some Keywords.
  • If you want to focus on a particular play or show, use the "Advanced search," enter the title, and select "Named Work" from the drop-down menu of search fields.
  • Note that below the "Search within these Results" slot on the upper left of your retrievals there is a "Narrow results by" slot and one of the options is "Document type." These document types include "Theater Review" and "Dance Review."
     Note: Whenever you open your first page of retrievals in General OneFile, you are viewing ONLY the articles from magazines. If you wish to see your retrievals from more scholarly sources you must click on  "Academic Journals" at the left.

ProQuest Research LibraryAcademic Search Premier :
  •  ProQuest offers "Theater companies," "Theater Producers & Directors," "Theater" + "Management," or "Entertainment Technology & Design" + "Theater" as Subject Headings.  Academic Search Premier includes "Theater management," "Theater--Finance," and "Theater--Production & direction."
  • In running searches on playwrights directors, or actors, don't settle for a Keyword search on the individual's name, as this will retrieve too many articles in which the he or she is only mentioned. Instead use the specialized Subject search each provides. In ProQest enter the name, last name first, in the "Person" search field (open the drop-down menu under "All Fields"). In Academic Search Premier open the "Select a Field" drop-down menu and search the name, last name first, in the "People" field.
  • In both databases the titles of shows should be searched as Keyword phrases, so be sure to put them in quotation marks. (Note: in ProQuest you can run a Subject search on a play title, but it will retrieve only newspaper reviews of particular productions--not scholarly criticism.)
  • In Academic Search Premier you can set a "Document Type" limit and choose "Entertainment review"--if you want a performance review--or "Literary Criticism"--if you want scholarly analysis of a play. If your subject is a contemporary writer/director/performer, you might try "Interview." In ProQuest you can set "Document type" to "Review" or "Interview."


LexisNexis Academic  News:
( Click on the "Search by Content Type" and choose "All News").
    Offering a keyword search of 100% full text from a vast number of national and international newspapers, this database can overwhelm you with large retrievals, so 
use commands to target articles in which your topic words are mentioned early or mentioned often.
     Use the hlead command (headline and lead paragraphs) to target articles in which your topic words occur in the prime news-story position of headline or first paragraphs. For example: hlead(theat! and fund!) will retrieve just the articles in which the search terms are used in the headline or first paragraphs. Note: the term or terms to which you want this command to apply must be put in parentheses after hlead, with no space between. Also note: the ! is a truncation symbol: theat! will retrieve theater or theatre, theaters or theatres, and fund! will retrieve fund, funds, funding, funded, and fundraising.
     Use the altleast command to target articles in which your topic words occur a set number of times. For example: atleast5(“community theater”) will retrieve only the articles where this phrase is used at least 5 times—indicating that it must be a main topic. You can plug in any number after atleast—atleast3 or atleast7. Note: the term or terms to which you want this command to apply must be put in parentheses with no space between the number you choose and the first parenthesis.
     Use the date range offered under Advanced Options. Because this is a large database of 100% full text, one of the most effective ways to retrieve fewer than 1000 hits is to set up a time frame. Note: if you use the calendar icons to set beginning and end dates, you need to choose a year, a month, and a day for each. Without the day, the date won’t register.
Less finicky is the drop-down that let's you choose a week, month, year, or a two-year time frame

LexisNexis Academic  Law Reviews:
(Click on the "Search by Content Type" tab and choose "Law Reviews" ).
    In order not to be overwhelmed by articles in which your search terms are mentioned in passing but are not the prime focus, 
use the atleast command to target articles in which your topic words are required to appear at least a certain number of times. For example, atleast5(actors and union!) will retrieve only the articles in which those terms are used repeatedly. Note: the term or terms to which you want this command to apply must be put in parentheses with no space between the number you choose and the first parenthesis. Also note: The ! is a truncation symbol: union! will retrieve union, unions, unionize, or unionization.
     Use the date range offered under Advanced Options. Because this is a large database of 100% full text, one of the most effective ways to retrieve fewer than 1000 hits is to set up a time frame. Note: if you use the calendar icons to set beginning and end dates, you need to choose a year, a month, and a day for each. Without the day, the date won’t register. Less finicky is the drop-down that let's you choose a week, month, year, or a two-year time frame.

Full Text Articles Before 1980

     Try searching a theater/company in both these databases to pull up stories about its past. Most databases offer coverage only back to about 1980—at most—but both of these extend into the first half of the 20th century and the second half of the 19th. If your theater has that long a past, these resources might provide information you could use in a marketing campaign or fundraising activity.
  • JSTOR : 100% full text from a wide range of disciplines, this database can be especially valuable for the historical perspective it provides, as its coverage begins approximately 5 years before the current date but extends back the first issue of a journal—even into the nineteenth century.
  • New York Times (1851-2009) (full text 1851-2006): This database allows you to retrieve, for example, an article on "Ibsen's Method" from 1889 or a review of an Isadora Duncan performance from 1898. Begin by switching the search field from the default "Citation and document text" to "Citation and Abstract," since this helps ensure your search terms will be the main topic of the articles. And take advantage of the date range limits below the search slots if you want to focus on a particular event or time period.

Business Source Premier

Business Source Premier (Special Business Interface) : Not a lot here that you won’t find in the above databases, but the business focus may be helpful. And you can search by NAICS code (North American Industry Classification System). The NAIC for theater groups is 711110. 

Where's the Full Text for this Article??

     Few databases offer 100% full text.  Most retrieve a mix of full text articles and article "citations"--article title, author(s), publication info, and usually an "abstract" or one-prargraph summary of the content.  When a citation makes you want the full text, look below it for this icon: 
     Clicking "GETIT" checks (almost all) the IC Library's other databases to see if any offers the full text of the article--or if the Library has a print subscription to the journal in which the article appeared. 
  • "GETIT" will usually find the full text in another database and open it in a new window.  
  • If none of our databases can access the full text but we have a print subsciption to the journal, "GETIT" will retrieve the Library catalog record for the journal so that you can see if the date of the article falls within the date range we have on hand.
  • If full text is not available from any database or from a print subsciption, "GETIT" will provide a link to the IC Library's Interlibrary Loan.  Log in (same as your IC e-mail)--and set up your account if you've never used it before.  "GETIT" will have populated the article request form with all the necessary information and you simply submit the request elecrtonically.  Most articles are supplied as digital files and will be sent to you via e-mail when they arrive.

Citation Help

MLA Citatioin

MLA is the citation style used by most disciplines in the Humanities. Here is my guide to the latest (2016) update of the MLA style.

Contact Us

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Dr. Brian Saunders

Humanities Librarian
(607) 274-1198

Search Argos

Web Resources

Finding Your Way

Some of the Web sites listed below require that you drill one or two levels down from the home page to access the most relevant information. 
Click here for visual directions.

Theatre Communications Group (TCG)

Theatre Communications Group (TCG): TCG is a national organization that serves--and collects data from--almost 500 non-profit theatres across the country. Under "Grants" both "Grants at a Glance" and "Grants for Organizations" are helpful, and under "Tools & Research" note the database of "Theatre Profiles" and "Theatre Facts." Theatre Facts is an annual publication on not-for-profit theatre in America, for which TCG collects its own extensive data.

The Broadway League

     The Broadway League: As the name implies, this site restricts its focus to New York theater and touring shows that originate there, but within this sphere there is some interesting data under “Research & Information.”

NYPL: Performing Arts

New York Public Library: Performing Arts: An outstanding portal to "Dance" resources on the Web, as well a good gateway to "Arts Administration" and "Theatre" sites.

National Arts Marketing Project

National Arts Marketing Project: Useful information, articles and best practices under "Tools & Resources."

Actors' Equity Association

Actors' Equity Association:  Approaching a century old now, Actor's Equity offers some interesting online resources. Look over the "Document Library" and the "FAQ" sections, and especially note the Annual Study under "News & Media."

American Theatre Wing

American Theatre Wing: Besides the glitz of the Tony awards, this organization also supports theatre education.  Of particular interest here are the hour-long video interviews with a wide range of contemporary Theatre professionals accessible under "Working in the Theatre." 


     GuideStar: 990 filings provide a financial x-ray of non-profit organizations--including many theaters and theater companies.  Most resources here must be purchased, but the site does offer a free search of 990 filings with a Keyword component (use "advanced" search) so that in addition to searching specific organizations already known to you--Oregon Shakespeare Festival--you can enter terms likely to occur in the names of the types of organizations that interest you--theater/theatre--limit the location by city and/or state, and retrieve all the nonprofit organizations with those words in their name. After selecting one, choose "Forms 990 & Docs"--accessible via a free registration.

Brief Guide to Internet Resources in Theatre

Brief Guide to Internet Resources in Theatre and Performance Studies: This not-so-brief guide is quite comprehensive--just be sure to scroll down to the actual contents (you might want to skip the "Introduction"). Categories include "Arts Management and Non-Profit" and "Of Regional Interest"--this last being an excellent collection of links to regional theatre from around the world.

U.S. Census Bureau: Arts Data

  •  Arts Activities: Selected data, including attendance and ticket sales for legitimate theater, touring companies, and non-profit theater.

Grants & Fundraising

Federal & State

  • National Endowment for the Arts: The NEA is the United States' largest annual funder of the arts. Under "Research" see both "Research Notes" and "Research Reports" for recent statistical information on topics such as consumer spending on the Performing Arts. Under "Publications" see the "Annual Report" (click on the free pdf version) for a financial summary of the fiscal year and profiles of some of the grants awarded. Also note the 2014 Guide to the NEA. And note under "Artistic Fields" you can target Dance, Theater & Musical Theater, and State & Regional, which includes "State Arts Agencies & Regional Arts Organizations" for state and local funding.    
  • A one-stop approach to all federal grants, with plenty of tutorial assistance for the grant application process. You can "Browse Categories" including "Arts."

Foundation Center

      The Foundation Center: Many of the resources here must be purchased, but the Foundation Center allows you a free registration which gives access to some materials and allows you to sign up for newsletters on grant opportunities in your area of interest, for instance arts, or health, or the environment.
  • Mouse over "Get Started: for the menu of options. Under "Reference Guides" there are free resources such as "Proposal Writing Short Course" and "Proposal Budgeting Basics," as well as resources under "Proposal Writing Online Training" that are free if you have registerd with the Foundation Center: for example, "Introduction to Fundraising Planning."
  • On the "Get Started" menu also look at the "Topical Resource Lists," where you'll be able to find fundraising information by category: Health, Education, or Arts (for which note "Corporate Philanthropy in the Arts" and "Individual Giving in Support of the Arts." In all these categories you will find some linked online resources, some articles that you can locate by doing a "Journal Titles" search at the top of the IC Library home page, and some books that you can look for by title in the IC collection, the Cornell Library collection, and in the WorldCat database--though which you can place interlibrary loan orders.
  • Also mouse over "Gain Knowledge" on the Foundation Center home page and take a look at the free resources available under "Research Studies," including "National Trends" and "Special Topic Trends," which in includes "Vital Signs: Arts Funding in the Current Economy July 2009." .
  • Also mouse over "Find Funders" to access the "Foundation Directory Online Free"--where you can search by foundation name or city, state, zip code--or the "990 Finder" which offers free access to 990 PF forms.

Arts Funding at Large

  • Fundsnet Art & Culture Grants: A list of organizations, foundations, agencies, and businesses that provide arts funding--with links to their sites.
  • Americans for the Arts:Look under "information & Services" and "Networks" for imformation about arts funding and organizations providing it.
  • Performing Arts Alliance: Advocacy group for arts funding.  Visit the "Issue Center" for information on current funding needs and what is being urged to address them.
  • Arts Funding Watch:  An electronic newsletter from the Foundation Center.  Full access requires (free) registration with the Foundation Center.  There are links to many interesting resources here.