SLPA 47200: Clinical Methods

Learning Outcomes

  • Today you will explore methods that you can use to select the best sources of evidence-based information
  • By the end of class you will have the skills to construct search search in CINAHL, Medline, ERIC, and PsycInfo
  • By the end of class you will have an understanding of various search filters in CINAHL and Medline

Best Bets

This is a great tool for finding primary medical and research articles.
This is a great tool for finding education, health promotion, and psychosocial health articles along with research articles.
This is a great tool for finding psychology, psychiatry, sociology and medical articles along with research articles.
ERIC (Ebsco interface)
This is a great tool for finding education articles.

Defining Your Research Question

Determine and define the clinical problem
  • Frame this in a question format as it will help you determine the key concepts: population, intervention and outcome.

Generate a list of keywords using PICO
  • Patient or Population (what is the disorder or disease
  • Intervention
  • Comparison (if any)
  • Outcome (what you are hoping to assess)

From ASHA Guide on Framing the Clinical Question
Parents have come to you with their 5-year old who was recently diagnosed with a fluency disorder. They have heard about the Lidcombe Program and were wondering if this works best in an individualized or group-based setting. 

Question: In a 5-year old child diagnosed with a fluency disorder, does the Lidcombe Program intervention work best as an individualized treatment or as a group therapy treatment?


Search Strategy Ideas


1. fluency or stutter* or disfluency or stammer*
2. lidcombe
3. group or individual

Try playing around with the drop down menu to the right of the search box. Some useful options are:
  • AB Abstract
  • TI Title
  • MJ Word in Major Subject Heading
  • MW Word in Subject Heading


EBP LIMITS: Both Medline and CINAHL

Limit to "Research Article" to find a variety of research articles

Limit to "Evience Based Practice" to find systematic reviews and meta-analyses


Limit to "EBM Reviews" to search Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 

Course Readings

Clinic Manual for Students in Speech Pathology Clinical Practicum-available online via SLPA department web page. Go to Documents for Enrolled Students, Clinic Folder. This information is essential and provides detailed procedures regarding therapy, diagnostic procedures regarding therapy, diagnostic and report writing.

Gillam, R, & Frome Loeb, D. (2010). Insights from randomized controlled trials. The ASHA Leader, 1/19/20, 10-13.

Dixon, D. (2014).  What ‘using EBP’ really means.  The ASHA Leader, (19), 28-29.

Dixon, D. (2014).  School matters: How to make collaboration click.  The ASHA Leader, (19), 32-33.

Contact Us

picture of Laura Kuo
Health Sciences Librarian
(607) 274-1197

Search Argos

Keyword Ideas

Keyword Ideas

Try to search the MedlinePlus Encyclopedia to get some keyword/synonym ideas for your clinical topic. If you can find the encyclopedia entry for your clinical topic, you should be able to find some alternative names at the very bottom of the page

EBP Tutorials

Introduction to Evidence-Based Medicine - Duke University's and UNC-Chapel Hill's interactive tutorial

Evidence Based Practice Tutorial - University of Minnesota's interactive tutorial

EBP: PICO -- University of Washington