MLA Citation (8th edition)

Book Basics: Print, E-Books, Web

Book, in Print, Author:
Author:
Oldbridge, Darren.
Title of Source:  The Devil: A Very Short Introduction.
Title of Container:
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: Oxford UP,
Publication Date: 2012.
Location:

MLA Citation:

Oldbridge, Darren. The Devil: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford UP, 2012.

Book, in Print, Editors:
Author:
 Richardson, James T., et al., editors.
Title of Source:  The Satanism Scare.
Title of Container:
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: De Gruyter,
Publication Date: 1991.
Location:

MLA Citation:
 

Richardson, James T., et.al., editors. The Satanism Scare. De Gruyer, 1991.

   
Book, E-Edition, from Database:
Author:
 Almond, Philip C.
Title of Source:  The Devil: A New Biography.
Title of Container: 
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: Cornell UP,
Publication Date: 2014.
Location:
Title of 2nd Container: ProQuest Ebook Central,
2nd Location: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ithaca/detail.action?docID=10930224.

MLA Citation:

Almond, Philip C. The Devil: A New Biography. Cornell UP, 2014. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ithaca/ detail.action?docID=10930224. 

Book, E-Edition, from Web:
Author:
 Bierce, Ambrose.
Title of Source: The Unabridged Devil's Dictionary.
Title of Container: 
Other Contributors: Edited by David E. Schultz and S.T. Joshi,
Version: rev.ed. of The Devil's Dictionary,
Number: 
Publisher: U Georgia P,
Publication Date: 2000.
Location:
Title of 2nd Container: Google Books,
2nd Location: https://books.google.com/.

MLA Citation:

Bierce, Ambrose. The Unabridged Devil's Dictionary. Edited by David E. Schultz and S.t. Joshi, rev. ed. of The Devil's Dictionary, U of Georgia P, 2000. Google Books, https://books.google.com/.

 

Parts of Books: Short Works, Essays, Chapters

Literary Work in a Collection:
Author:
Silverstein, Shel.  
Title of Source: "The Devil and Billy Markham."
Title of Container: Best American Short Plays, 1991-1992,
Other Contributors:  edited by Howard Stein and Glenn Young, 
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: Applause Theatre Books,
Publication Date: 1992,
Location: pp. 465-487.

MLA Citation: 

Silverstein, Shel. "The Devil and Billy Markham." Best American Short Plays, 1991-1992, edited by Howard Stein and Glenn Young, Applause Theatre Books, 1992, pp. 465-487.

Essay from a Print Book:
Author:
  Balch, Robert W., and Margaraet Gilliam. 
Title of Source: "Devil Worship in Western Montana: A Case Study in Rumor Construction."
Title of Container: The Satanism Scare,
Other Contributors: edited by James T. Richardson et. al.,
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: De Gruyter,
Publication Date: 1991, 
Location: pp. 237-248.

MLA Citation:

Balch, Robert W., and Margaret Gilliam. "Devil Worship in Western Montana: A Case Study in Rumor Construction." The Satanism Scare, edited by James T. Richardson et. al., De Gruyter, 1991.


Essay from an E-Book via a Database:
Author:
 Blake, Linnie. 
Title of Source:  "'I am the Devil and I'm Here to do the Devil's Work': Rob Zombie, George W. Bush, and the Limits of American Freedom."
Title of Container: Horror After 9/11: World of Fear, Cinema of Terror,
Other Contributors: edited by Aviva Briefel and Sam J. Miller,
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: U of Texas P,
Publication Date: 2011,
Location: pp. 186-199.
Title of 2nd ContainerProQuest Ebook Central,
2nd Location: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ithaca/detail.action?docID=10519725.

MLA Citation:

Blake, Linnie. "'I am the Devil and I'm Here to do the Devil's Work': Rob Zombie, George W. Bush, and the Limits of American Freedom." Horror after 9/11: World of Fear, Cinema of Terror, edited by Aviva Briefel and Sam J. Miller, U of Texas P, 2011, pp.186-199. ProQuest Ebook Central, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/ ithaca/detail.action?docID=10519725.

Article Basics: Print, Databases, Web

Article from a Print Magazine:
Author: Dockterman, Eliana.
Title of Source: "For Mr. Robot, the Devil is in the Details."
Title of Container: Time,
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: vol. 188, no. 1, 
Publisher: 
Publication Date: 4 July 2016,
Location: pp. 53-54.

MLA Citation:

Dockterman, Eliana. "For Mr. Robot, the Devil is in the Details." Time, vol. 188, no.1, 4 July 2016, pp. 53-54.


Journal Article from a Database:
Author: Ball, Kimberly.
Title of Source: "The Devil's Pact: Diabolic Writing and Oral Tradition." 
Title of Container: Folklore,
Other Contributors: 
Version: 
Number: vol. 73, no. 4,
Publisher:
Publication Date: Fall 2014,
Location: pp.385-409.
Title of 2nd Container: MLA International Bibliography
2nd Location: http://ezproxy.ithaca.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.ithaca.edu:2048/docview/
1696259223?accountid=11644.

MLA Citation:

Ball, Kimberly. "The Devil's Pact: Diabolic Writing and Oral Tradition." Folklore, vol. 73, no. 4, Fall 2014, pp. 385-409. MLA International Bibliogrphy, http://ezproxy.ithaca.edu:2048/login?url=http://search.proquest.com.ezproxy.ithaca.edu:2048/docview/
1696259223?accountid=11644.


Journal Article from a Database:
Author: Guenther, Genevieve. 
Title of Source: "Why Devils Came When Faustus Called Them."
Title of Container: Modern Philology,
Other Contributors: 
Version: 
Number: vol. 109, no. 1,
Publisher:
Publication Date: Aug. 2011,
Location: pp. 46-70.
Title of 2nd Container: JSTOR,
2nd Location: DOI: 10.1086/662147.

MLA Citation:

Guenther, Genevieve. "Why Devils Came When Faustus Called Them." Modern Philology, vol. 109, no. 1, August 2011, pp. 46-70. JSTOR, DOI: 10.1086/662147.


Article from a Web Magazine:
Author:   Philbrick, Ian Prasad.
Title of Source:  "That Poll Asking Voters if Hillary is the Devil Was Doing Trump's Dirty Work for Him."
Title of Container: Slate,
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: 

Publication Date: 11 Aug. 2016, 2:05 p.m.,
Location: http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx_factor/2016/08/11/ poll_asking_voters_if_hillary_clinton_is_the_devil_only_
helps_trump.html.

MLA Citation:

Philbrick, Ian Prasad. "That Poll Asking Voters if Hillary is the Devil Was Doing Trump's Dirty Work for Him." Slate, 11 Aug. 2016, 2:05 p.m., http://www.slate.com/blogs/xx-factor/2016/08/11/ poll_asking_voters_if_hillary_clinton_is_the_devil_only_
helps_trump.html.


Article from a Web Site:
Author: Robinson, B. A. 
Title of Source: "The Church of Satan (COS): Practices & Rules of Behavior."  
Title of Container: Religious Tolerance,
Other Contributors:
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: 
Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance,
Publication Date: 27 Oct. 2009,
Location: http://www.religioustolerance.org/satanis10.htm.

MLA Citation:

Robinson, B. A. "The Church of Satan (COS): Practices & Rules of Behavior." Religious Tolerance, Ontario Consultants on Religious Tolerance, 27 Oct. 2009, http://www.religioustolerance.org/ satanis10.htm.

Media Basics: Movies, Television, Music

Movie on DVD:
Author:
Huston, John, director.
Title of Source: ​Beat the Devil. 1953.  
Title of Container: 
Other Contributors: Written by Truman Capote and John Huston,
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: DigiCom,
Publication Date: 2009.
Location:

MLA Citation:

Huston, John, director. Beat the Devil. 1953. Written by Truman Capote and John Huston, DigiCom, 2009.

Television Series on DVD:
Author: 
 
Title of Source: Lucifer: The Complete First Season.
Title of Container: 
Other Contributors: Created by Tom Kapinos, performance by Tom Ellis,
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: Warner Bros.,
Publication Date: 2016.
Location:

MLA Citation:

Lucifer: The Complete First Season. Created by Tom Kapinos, performance by Tom Ellis, Warner Bros., 2016.


Television Series Episode on DVD:
Author: 

Title of Source: "Me and the Devil." 
Title of Container: True Blood,
Other Contributors: created by Alan Ball,
Version: 
Number: season 4, episode 5,
Publisher: HBO Home Entertainment,
Publication Date: 2012.
Location:

MLA Citation:

"Me and the Devil." True Blood, created by Alan Ball, season 4, episode 5, HBO Home Entertainment, 2012.


Music Recording, Album on CD:
Author: 
Rolling Stones.
Title of Source: Their Satanic Majesties Request. 1967.
Title of Container: 
Other Contributors: 
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: ABKCO,
Publication Date: 2002.
Location:

MLA Citation:

Rolling Stones. Their Satanic Majesties Request. 1967. ABKCO, 2002.

Song from Album on CD:
Author: 
Rolling Stones.
Title of Source: "Sympathy for the Devil."
Title of Container: Beggars Banquet, 1968.
Other Contributors: Written by Mick Jagger and Kieth Richards, 
Version: 
Number: 
Publisher: ABKCO,
Publication Date: 2002.
Location:

MLA Citation:

Rolling Stones. "Sympathy for the Devil." Beggars Banquet, 1968. Written by Mick Jagger and Kieth Richards, ABKCO, 2002.

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MLA 8th Edition

Citation Template



Instead of codifying dozens of rules specific to different media, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook (2016) offers a single template to organize relevant data in a specific order. Fields that are not relevant to a source may be omitted, while some fields may repeat--for instance, in the case of a journal article retrieved from a database there is a 2nd "container" field with its own "location". But whether fields are omitted or repeated, their order remains constant.

New in the 8th

  • Previously, 4 or more authors were abbreviated with et. al. after the first. Now, more than two authors or editors are abbreviated with et. al. after the first.
  • Page numbers in the Works Cited list are now preceded by p. (single page) or pp. (span of pages).
  • For books, the city of publication is now omitted from the publication information.
  • Previously, a journal citation might give the volume and number as 62.3. Now, abbreviations for volume and number are used--vol. 62, no. 3.
  • A URL is "recommended" for citations of Web sources. The use of DOIs (digital object identifiers) instead of URLs is "encouraged."
  • Citing your date of access for an online source is now optional.
  • Placeholders like n.d. for "no date" are no longer used when citing online sources. 
  • Publishers' names are now given in full except for business terms like Company/Co. or Limited/Ltd. The abbreviations U (University) and P (Press) are still used in the names of publishers.
  • The medium of publication is no longer included in a citation--for example, Print, Web, DVD, CD.
  • Common terms in Works Cited lists such as editor/edited by or translator/translated by are no longer abbreviated.

In-Text Citations

In-text citations remain virtually unchanged in the 8th edtion of the MLA Handbook.

An in-text ciation is required whenever you have quoted or paraphrased an outside source. Its purpose is to briefly direct your reader to the full ciation in Works Cited and so it begins with the first element there--usually the author's last name--followed by a page number. Enclose these in parentheses with no punctuation between. The punctuation mark for your sentence goes to the right of the parentheses.
 
  • For some during the Romantic period "Satan was a redeemer who bought human liberty at the cost of his own ruin" (Russell 47).

If you name the author of the source in your sentence, only the page number is required.
 
  • Russell maintains that "Satan was a redeemer" for many Romantics early in the nineteenth century (47).

If there are two authors, give the last names of both connected by "and."
 
  • Media studies found that "newspapers portrayed heavy metal music as a catalyst for satanism" (Rowe and Cavender 271).

If there are more than two authors, give the last name of the lead author followed by the abbreviation et. al.
 
  • Although the "Church of Satan is the most visible satanic church" (Richardson et. al. 9), there are other communities of satanists scattered throughout the United States.

Note: the above also illustrates how parenthetical ciations can occur within a sentence if a natural pause--indicated here by a comma--is closer to the quoted material than the end of the sentence.

If you are citing more than one author with the same last name, include first initials to distinguish them.
 
  • (M. Richardson 47) and (C. Richardson 289).

If you are citing more than one work by the same author, include an abbreviated title after the author's name (usually just the first word or two of that title) and separate the author's name from the title with a comma.
 
  • (Stephens, "Demonology" 36)
  • (Stephens, Satanic Scare 236).