Frequently Asked Questions

FAQS: Databases

The New York Times website began limiting free full text access to Times articles beginning March 28, 2011. Casual readers of the Times may not run up against this new paywall. Regular readers are most likely to notice the impact of this change, as you can access only twenty articles a month for free.

In the first phase of offering digital subscriptions, the Times is only offering individual, not site license, subscriptions. Individual digital subscriptions can only be established online with a credit card. Each digital subscription must be associated with an e-mail address, and each e-mail address must be associated with only one subscription.

We recognize that the requirement that individuals subscribe puts up a barrier to some curricular uses of the New York Times. Other colleges and universities are in the same situation.

Please note:

The library continues to subscribe to several databases that provide same-day full-text access to content from the Times.  As has always been the case with most of our subscription access, the full-text does not include images, graphics, or videos, and will not reproduce the layout of either the Times site or the print edition.  The exception is the New York Times - Historical Edition database, which covers 1851 - 2009.  Times content in the other databases is only as current as the print edition, which means that some content will continually lag behind the content on the website.

Same day content from the Times is accessible in the following databases:

06/01/1980 to present in LexisNexis Academic
06/01/1980 to present in ProQuest National Newspapers Premier
06/01/1980 to present in ProQuest Selectable Full Text Newspapers
01/01/1985 to present in Academic OneFile
  • To find a list of French-language periodical publications in the Library, use an advanced search, limit to Catalog, and type in periodicals french
  • For further information, see our guide on Languages & Databases
Peer review is the process by which articles are selected for publication in academic/scholarly journals.  The articles are evaluated for accuracy, proper research methodology, and the correct interpretation and use of data by other experts in the field.  No other publications undergo this level of vetting.

If you are looking for peer reviewed articles, one way is to limit your database searches to only articles in peer reviewed publications.  Many databases allow you to do this.  For example, most EBSCO databases have a box labeled "Scholarly" or "Peer Reviewed" in the limiters section under the main search boxes.
Here are some pointers for finding out whether your article is in English (by database provider or Database): 


  • Most EBSCO databases will have the Language of the Article listed in the record for the item: 
  • Look for the field Language: Look for a field called

Proquest (MILAIB, Research Library)

  • Records in Proquest Databases will also tell what the language of the item is.  Look for "Notes" or "Language of Publication"
Look for Notes or Language of Publication


  • When in Pubmed, Foreign Language articles are often surrounded by brackets [...] with the language of the article displayed below in brackets.
    In pubmed, look for Brackets and language listed under title.


  • In Worldcat, the Language field can sometimes be lost, but it is usually listed somewhere under the title: 

    Look for a Language Field

Still need help?

Try contacting the Research Help Desk!

Go to the Library homepage and click on "Journals" in the upper left. Type "Scientific American" into the blank and click "Go."

You will see a long list of ways in which you can gain access to Scientific American content.

Go to Scientific American Archive Online. This provides coverage back to 1993 with full articles available as PDF files. When you first enter the site, you will see a search blank. If you want to browse by year, click the "Publication" link at the top left of the page,

then click "Scientific American."

You will see a browsable list of years on the right-hand side of the page.

For material prior to 1993, see our microfilm holdings at T1 .S5. These extend back to 1949.

Finally, some material from the 19th century is available through the links to Making of America Journals and American Memory.

Many of the databases at Ithaca College allow you to limit your search by language.  

Each Database is a little different, but you can look for terms like "Search Options" or "Search Limits".  These sections will often give the option to select a language.  

EBSCO databases have a lot of variety between each database.  CINAHL (first) and PsychINFO (second) are somewhat different in terms of limiting to English only.  

Look for the English Language option on the Left hand side

Look for Language under the Search Options section.  This method is fairly uniform from database to database.  

The easiest way to do a search including English only articles is by performing an advanced search.  Choose Language from the first drop down, and then enter your search terms in the other boxes.  

Underneath the search boxes, Worldcat has a language option.  Select English (or your preferred language) from the dropdown.    

Your Database not listed here?  Need more help?  
Contact the Research Help Desk!
All E-reserves are now accessed via Sakai. Users log-in with their Netpass e-mail username and password. 
Please make sure that you are connected to a wireless network.
If you continue to experience problems, please contact Electronic Resources Librarian Calida Barboza.
In order to access SciFinder, you must have both an Ithaca College NetId and password and an account with CAS. After you have entered your IC credentials, you will be asked for your CAS username and password. If you don't have an account with CAS, you'll need to create one.
Although Google can be good for simple searches, such as finding answers to crossword puzzle clues, it should not be a primary tool for doing research projects. The reason is that very little research literature is publicly available and therefore accessible through the main Google search engine. Instead you should concentrate on the periodical databases available through the library.

Not to be confused with the main Google search engine, are two related Google search tools that can be good resources for research.

Google Books is a collection of books in the public domain that Google, in cooperation with several large university libraries, has scanned. Because of copyright laws, only books for which there is no copyright protection are fully accessible. That means, in most cases, the materials are more than seventy years old. For some topics this is not a problem; for others it is pretty useless. You can specifically search Google Books, but a regular Google search will include Google Books result mixed in the list.

Google Scholar is a separate search engine for a broad range of research areas. Google Scholar competes with some commercial periodical databases and includes some features not included in some others, such as citation searching. In addition to peer-reviewed journal articles, records will include preprints, and technical reports. Results of a Google Scholar search will include Google Books records. Each Google search citation will include a link to the full-text resource provided by the IC Library, when available, but if you click the wrong hyperlink, you may bypass the library connection and be asked to pay to view an article.                     
An empirical study is any research that is based on experimentation or observation or quantitative measurement. It can be research in science or social science. The term "empirical" refers to the aspect of the scientific method in which a working hypothesis is tested using observation and experiment. An empirical study can be either quantitative or qualitative.

You will find empirical studies in scholarly journals, not popular magazines.
It is included in the LexisNexis Academic database. On opening page go to upper right and click on Source Directory. You can then go to Find or Browse to  search for various Hoover's directories.

If you need assistance, or you don't find what you are looking for, please contact Jim Bondra, Business, Economics and Sport Media & Management librarian. 607-274-1962 or

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