History -- Europe

Europe -- Ancient to Modern

This guide has resources for European history from the times of classical antiquity based in Greece and Rome through the beginnings of the Common Era, the medieval period, Reformation and Renaissance to the 20th century.

Best Bets

Encyclopedias and Dictionaries

  • Encyclopedia of European social history from 1350 to 2000 REF HN373 .E63 2001
  • Gale encyclopedia of world history : governments REF D31 .G35 2008
  • Gale encyclopedia of world history : war REF D25.A2 G35 2008
  • Global history : cultural encounters from antiquity to the present REF D20 G57 2004
  • Encyclopedia of world environmental history REF GE10 .E63 2004

Medieval Europe

Encyclopedia of the Middle Ages
Rise of the Medieval World 500-1300
Late Medieval Age of crisis and renewal, 1300-1500: a biographical dictionary

Index covers journal articles, book reviews, and essays in books about women, sexuality, and gender during the Middle Ages.
Internet Medieval Sourcebook

Chronology of the Medieval World: 800 to 1491 REF D118 .S855 1973B
New Cambridge medieval history REF D117 .N48 1995

Medieval France: an encyclopedia REF DC33.2.M44 1995
Medieval Germany : an encyclopedia REF DD157 .M43 2001
Medieval Iberia : an encyclopedia REF DP99 .M33 2003
Medieval Jewish Civilization: An Encyclopedia REF DS124 .M386 2003

Find books using these subject headings (also use individual countries):

Reformation and Renaissance Europe

Long 19th century

Roughly from 1750 - 1914.
A companion to the French Revolution
Encyclopedia of the Enlightenment REF B802 .E53 2003

Find books and ebooks using these subject headings:
Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821.
Great Britain--History--19th century.

The Annual Register, a British annual review, is available in ebook format for much of this time period (1758-). Sort the list by publication date and choose the one you need.

Modern Europe

1914 through the end of the 20th century, including both World Wars.

Europe Since 1914: Encyclopedia of the Age of War and Reconstruction
Europe's Troubled Peace: 1945 to the present
Encyclopedia of Contemporary British Culture
Encyclopedia of contemporary French culture
Encyclopedia of contemporary German culture REF DD290.26.E53 1999
Encyclopedia of contemporary Italian culture REF DG450.E53 2000
Encyclopedia of contemporary Spanish culture
Blackwell Encyclopedia of the Russian revolution GEN DK265.B54 1995

Find books and ebooks using these subject headings:
Great Britain--History--20th century.
France--History--20th century.
World War, 1914-1918.
World War, 1939-1945. (Narrow this with additional keywords)

Primary Sources in Books in the Library

Primary sources can be published in books. Use the main search box in Argos and include search terms personal narratives, sources, diaries, memoirs, papers, speeches, documents, or letters.

Personal narratives is a term assigned by librarians and is used for first person accounts.
Diaries and memoirs are terms used by writers and editors to describe their document. These are also normally in the first person.
Letters and correspondence are published correspondence and occasionally include both outgoing and incoming letters.
Papers include correspondence, speeches and other previously unpublished items by the author.
Speeches were written to be spoken and have often been published.
Sources is another term assigned by librarians and often includes all of the types of documents listed above as well as government records.

Some sample subject searches:
Europe, Eastern--History--Sources.
Women--History--Middle Ages, 500-1500--Sources.
Civilization, Medieval--Sources.
Social history--Medieval, 500-1500--Sources.
World War, 1939-1945 Personal narratives, French.
France--History--Revolution, 1789-1799--Sources. also France--History--Revolution--Sources.

Contact Us

picture of Bridget Bower
College Archivist
(607) 274-3096

Search Argos


New York Times (1851-2013)
New York Times (1980-present)
Wall Street Journal (1889-2000)
Wall Street Journal (1984 - present)

This site has links to current issues of newspapers in English, some of them have past issues available:
European newspapers in English

Ebook Sources

  • Ebook Central (formerly ebrary)
  • Google Books
    Search the full-text of millions of books and magazines -click the "Full view only" button to find full-text books or magazines.   Newer titles still under copyright can be searched, but the full-text is not viewable.  Use the "Find this book in a library" link to see if the IC Library has the title. Enter 14850 to see a list of local libraries that own the book.   If IC is listed, clicking on the link will take you to the record in the IC Library catalog, displaying its call number and availability.
  • HathiTrust Digital Library
    A collaborative project of several research-level academic libraries across the United States, HathiTrust is a digital repository for scanned books and other digital materials similar to Google Books.  In some cases, books that are only available in snippet view through Google Books are available in full text at HathiTrust.